Esta noche, el Presidente Donald J. Trump se dirigió a la nación para anunciar una operación coordinada -con Reino Unido y Francia- de ataque preciso contra lugares asociados a las capacidades de armas químicas del régimen de Bashar al-Assad en Siria.
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“Tras orden de @POTUS, Fuerzas Armadas de EE.UU., con Reino Unido y Francia, lanzaron ataques contra lugares de armas químicas en Siria. EE.UU. y aliados no toleraremos el uso de armas químicas contra hombres, mujeres y niños. Dios bendiga a nuestras valientes tropas y aliados”
Secretario de Defensa Mattis y el General Dunford hablan con la prensa desde el Pentágono sobre Siria.
Portavoz Nauert: Ataques precisos a lugares asociados con armas químicas del regimen de Assad en Siria son una respuesta al ataque en Douma, que fue una escalada en un patrón de uso de armas quimícas.
Bashar Hafez al-Assad born 11 September 1965 is the 19th and current President of Syria, holding the office since 17 July 2000. He is also commander-in-chief of the Syrian Armed Forces, General Secretary of the ruling Arab Socialist Ba’ath Party and Regional Secretary of the party’s branch in Syria. He is a son of Hafez al-Assad, who was President of Syria from 1971 to 2000.
Born and raised in Damascus, Assad graduated from the medical school of Damascus University in 1988, and started to work as a doctor in the Syrian Army. Four years later, he attended postgraduate studies at the Western Eye Hospital in London, specializing in ophthalmology. In 1994, after his elder brother Bassel died in a car crash, Bashar was recalled to Syria to take over Bassel’s role as heir apparent. He entered the military academy, taking charge of the Syrian military presence in Lebanon in 1998. On 10 July 2000, Assad was elected as President, succeeding his father, who died in office a month prior. In the 2000 and subsequent 2007 election, he received 99.7% and 97.6% support, respectively, in uncontested referendums on his leadership.
On 16 July 2014, Assad was sworn in for another seven-year term after receiving 88.7% of votes in the first contested presidential election in Ba’athist Syria’s history. The election was dismissed as a “sham” by the Syrian opposition and its Western allies, while an international delegation made up of Syria’s allies who observed the election issued a statement asserting that the election was “free and fair”. The Assad government describes itself as secular, while some political scientists have claimed that the government exploits sectarian tensions in the country and relies upon the Alawite minority to remain in power.
Once seen by the international community as a potential reformer, the United States, the European Union, and the majority of the Arab League called for Assad’s resignation from the presidency after he allegedly ordered crackdowns and military sieges on Arab Spring protesters, which led to the Syrian Civil War. During the Syrian Civil War, an inquiry by the United Nations reported finding evidence which implicated Assad in war crimes. In June 2014, Assad was included in a list of war crimes indictments of government officials and rebels handed to the International Criminal Court. Assad has rejected allegations of war crimes, and criticized the American-led intervention in Syria for attempting regime change.